Question: Over the past two years, a number of my friends have lost family members. Not one of these estates has yet been finalised. I am concerned that if I pass away, my family could suffer financial hardship. Is there anything that I can do?
Answer: I suspect that we are still suffering the consequences of Covid when it comes to the finalisation of estates. The increase in deaths and the challenges of working from home seem to have slowed the process.
When I do financial and estate planning, one of the factors that I take into account is access to funds. Your spouse and family need to have access to funds while your estate is being wound up. Here are some areas that I look at when I do this:
If you have any longer-term investments, you should put them into structures like endowments where you can attach a beneficiary. The beneficiary will typically have the proceeds within a month and not have to wait until the estate is wound up.
These investments will still attract estate duty, so it is prudent to keep aside 20% of the proceeds to pay this when the time comes.
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Overseas assets can delay the finalisation of an estate significantly, as your will would have to be sent to the country where the assets are. A grant of probate is then needed for your executor to be recognised in that country. This takes time and is costly.
If you have overseas investments you should consider putting them into a structure to which you can attach a beneficiary. This will remove the delays and costs of having to have a grant of probate registered.
You can make your family members the beneficiaries of a living annuity. They will receive the proceeds in a lump sum or as a series of annuity payments. Living annuities funded from a pension or retirement annuity do not attract estate duty.
You are allowed to invest more than 27.5% of your income in a retirement annuity. Any tax break that is not used in the current year will be rolled over to subsequent years.
The excess contributions will be deemed an asset in your estate and will attract estate duty. However, if your beneficiary receives the proceeds of your retirement fund as an annuity, it will not attract estate duty.